Tag Archives: 上海后花园MGM

For not being a car brand, Magna sure has built a lot of them

first_imgCreated with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.2 Production line at the Magna Steyr plant in Germany.  Magna Handout / Jaguar Germany’s newest roadster, the 2019 BMW Z4, travels on an Austrian passport.BMW developed the roadster at its Munich headquarters, but it asked contract manufacturer Magna Steyr to build it in its Graz, Austria, factory. The Z4 will become the 25th car model built by the Austro-Canadian firm in its century-long history. Join Driving for a look at some of the other cars that have either called Graz home or proudly worn a Steyr emblem.Steyr Type 50 (1936)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Steyr Type 50 The Steyr Type 50 could have competed directly against the original Volkswagen Beetle. It took Steyr-Daimler-Puch a few years to resume car production after the Second World War.Officials decided against developing a car from scratch for cost reasons. Instead, they purchased a license to build Fiat’s then-new 500 shortly after its release in 1957. Early models benefited from a number of modifications including, significantly, a flat-twin engine in lieu of the Fiat’s straight-twin unit. The air-cooled, 493cc unit delivered better performance on mountain roads. It shifted through a fully synchronized four-speed manual transmission, while improved drum brakes brought the car to a stop.Stylists gave the Austrian 500 a Steyr-specific front end with a metal grille, a stylish but puzzling add-on given the car’s rear-mounted engine, and a new-look engine cover. The line-up included the standard 500 offered with a soft top or a closed metal roof, and, later, the spacious wagon variant Fiat called Giardinetta in Italy. Wagons received a bigger engine which Steyr made available in the sedan model.Steyr sold a vast majority of 500s, 650s, and 700s on the Austrian market. Some examples went to neighboring Germany, but the agreement with Fiat prevented the firm from shipping cars to Italy.Mercedes-Benz G-Class (1979)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.21979 Mercedes-Benz ‘G’ model from model series 460, open-top vehicle. Mercedes-Benz asked for Steyr-Daimler-Puch’s help when it started developing the original G-Class in 1972. The basic idea was to create Germany’s alternative to the Land Rover, and Steyr had acquired a substantial amount of experience in designing four-wheel drive systems for off-roaders.Designing the G-Class was easier said than done because the off-roader segment was in the midst of a major transformation. Launched in 1948, the original Land Rover catered largely to buyers who needed an all-around vehicle to drive on their farm. It was, in other words, a more sophisticated tractor. By the 1970s, motorists were starting to use off-roaders as recreational vehicles and daily drivers. Steyr and Mercedes consequently couldn’t settle for building a tractor-like truck or a scaled-down Unimog.Mercedes introduced the G-Class after a seven-year development process. The line-up included two- and four-door models powered by either gasoline or diesel engines. The G joined the Mercedes catalog in most European nations but it wore Puch emblems in Austria and Switzerland.The original G-Class has spawned an impressive lineage. It served in the armed forces of over 63 nations, it won the Paris-Dakar, it moved far upmarket to become a Beverly Hills favourite, it gained factory-fitted portal axles on three separate occasions, and it recently spawned an all-new second-generation model. The wildly different variants all have one point in common: the Graz, Austria, factory.Steyr built the 300,000th G-Class (a European-spec G500) in 2017.Volkswagen Golf Country (1990)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Volkswagen Golf Montana concept Trending Videos It came from a series of forward-thinking prototypes designed and built in-house by Steyr-Daimler-Puch, Magna Steyr’s predecessor, to prepare a so-called people’s car. The firm never intended to distribute the model through its own channels. Instead, it wanted to sell the basic design to an outside manufacturer looking for a quick, cost-effective way to enter the burgeoning segment. The project started in 1934 and the Type 50 prototype was built two years later in the Austrian town of Steyr.The 50’s overall proportions are reminiscent of the Beetle’s but the similarities stop there. It uses unibody construction, and its vertical grille hides a water-cooled, 978cc four-cylinder engine tuned to make 22 horsepower at 3,800 rpm. The design brief called for a car capable of carrying four passengers in relative comfort while cruising at 90 km/h, an impressive statistic for a 1930s economy car.No one purchased a license to build Steyr’s 50. Broadly speaking, car companies put their downward expansion plans on hiatus as Europe’s political climate deteriorated in the late 1930s. Few firms wanted to invest in an expensive, 10-year old design after the war.Puch 500 (1957)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Part of a poster for the Puch 500. COMMENTSSHARE YOUR THOUGHTS Introduced at the 1989 Geneva auto show, the Volkswagen Golf Montana concept looked like a standard, four-door Golf dropped on a Range Rover chassis. No one expected the Wolfsburg-based firm typically known for its relatively conservative designs to move forward with the project. And yet, the high-riding Golf Country arrived in showrooms in 1990. Had the head of R&D lost a bet?Volkswagen couldn’t build the Country alongside the standard Golf for cost reasons so it assigned the task to Steyr. The production process began in Wolfsburg, where every Country started life as a four-wheel drive Golf CL Syncro. Volkswagen took finished cars off the assembly line and sent them to Austria, where Steyr dropped the body on a steel ladder frame and installed a taller suspension. Five-spoke alloy wheels, a front bull bar, and a rear-mounted spare added a finishing touch to the look.Power came from a 1.8-litre four-cylinder engine tuned to send 96 horsepower and 105 pound-feet of torque to all four wheels through a five-speed manual transmission. Volkswagen fitted a GTI-sourced, 1.6-litre engine with 107 horsepower and 114 pound-feet of torque on tap to a series of 50 cars. They were sold exclusively to employees of the Wolfsburg plant.Golf Country production ended in December of 1991 after Steyr made 7,735 examples. Volkswagen predicted it could sell at least 5,000 examples annually so it wrote off its hatchback-SUV cross as a flop and never looked back. Had it sold better, we might have seen lifted, Country-badged variants of subsequent Golf models meandering across the Alps – and maybe even the Canadian Rockies.Jaguar I-Pace (2018)Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Created with Raphaël 2.1.2Jaguar I-Pace PlayThe Rolls-Royce Boat Tail may be the most expensive new car everPlay3 common new car problems (and how to prevent them) | Maintenance Advice | Driving.caPlayFinal 5 Minivan Contenders | Driving.caPlay2021 Volvo XC90 Recharge | Ministry of Interior Affairs | Driving.caPlayThe 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning is a new take on Canada’s fave truck | Driving.caPlayBuying a used Toyota Tundra? Check these 5 things first | Used Truck Advice | Driving.caPlayCanada’s most efficient trucks in 2021 | Driving.caPlay3 ways to make night driving safer and more comfortable | Advice | Driving.caPlayDriving into the Future: Sustainability and Innovation in tomorrow’s cars | Driving.ca virtual panelPlayThese spy shots get us an early glimpse of some future models | Driving.ca Ronan Glon / Driving We encourage all readers to share their views on our articles using Facebook commenting Visit our FAQ page for more information.center_img RELATED TAGSJaguarFeature StoryNews See More Videos The Rolls-Royce Boat Tail may be the most expensive new car ever Mercedes-Benz It didn’t take long for Jaguar to realise it didn’t have the production capacity required to build the I-Pace. Rather than construct a new factory, it asked Magna Steyr to handle production of its first battery-electric vehicle – and its most complex car to date. The two companies joined forces early on in the development process so Magna engineers worked alongside members of Jaguar’s in-house team to achieve a smooth production ramp-up. They managed to avoid following rival Tesla into production hell.That’s not to say building the I-Pace is child’s play. Magna Steyr extended its Graz factory to make space for the I-Pace. It also fine-tuned new joining methods to assemble the crossover’s aluminum body. As of writing, Jaguar is not planning on building the model in-house. Even the examples shipped to Waymo to become experimental self-driving cars will come from Graz. Volkswagen Trending in Canada Buy It! Princess Diana’s humble little 1981 Ford Escort is up for auction An engagement gift from Prince Charles, the car is being sold by a Princess Di “superfan” Magna builds the I-Pace alongside Jaguar’s entry-level E-Pace crossover. In addition to the Z4, the company also manufactures the aforementioned Mercedes-Benz G-Class and the BMW 5 Series, which it added when it stopped building Mini’s Countryman and Paceman models. The born-again Toyota Supra – which will share mechanical components with the Z4 – will wear a “made in Graz” label, too. ‹ Previous Next › advertisementlast_img read more

Posted in ispdvmhplzkl | Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment